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There will be a preliminary injunction hearing in Denver District Court on Friday in a lawsuit brought by marijuana civil rights activists seeking to protect their Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. Plaintiffs will argue in front of The Honorable Judge John Madden IV that payment of marijuana taxes violates a citizen’s Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination, since marijuana remains illegal under federal law.
*THE PUBLIC IS ENCOURAGED TO ATTEND THIS HEARING*
Date: Friday, August 22, 2014
Time: 9am to 12noon
Location: Denver District Court (Old Building) 1437 Bannock St. Denver, Colorado
Courtroom #203: The Honorable Judge John Madden IV
Note: Please dress nicely and maintain quiet in the courtroom. Bring a photo ID with, as you may have to show it to get through courthouse security.
Attorney Robert J. Corry, Jr. filed the lawsuit on June 9, 2014 seeking to permanently end Colorado’s marijuana taxes, on the grounds that payment of the taxes forces citizens to incriminate themselves as criminals under federal law. The complaint was filed on behalf of an unnamed licensed medical and retail marijuana center, the “No Over Taxation” issue committee (which campaigned against Proposition AA, the marijuana tax issue approved by Colorado voters in 2013) and several individuals, including Kathleen Chippi, Larisa Bolivar, Miguel Lopez and William Chengelis.
Corry is seeking unspecified damages and a refund of all tax monies collected by the state. If successful, Corry’s lawsuit could be the basis for overturning ALL regulations regarding marijuana licensing and registration in Colorado on the same grounds. As long as marijuana remains illegal under federal law, states cannot require people to give any information about themselves in order to distribute or purchase marijuana. ANY and ALL requirements to identify oneself would result in a “real and appreciable” risk of self-incrimination, and would require a citizen to implicate himself in federal crimes.
As witnesses, the State of Colorado has called attorneys Brian Vicente and Christian Sederberg, two self-proclaimed “marijuana lawyers” who helped campaign for Amendment 64, to provide testimony to support the State’s assertion that payment of these taxes is not incriminating. Read more about the Fifth Amendment here.
Corry cites a 1973 Colorado Supreme Court case (People vs. Duleff) that overturned a man’s conviction for “selling marijuana without a license” because compliance with the licensing requirement would have required that person to violate his constitutional right against self-incrimination and reveal a violation of federal law. Corry writes, “The Colorado Supreme Court held specifically that the Fifth Amendment prohibits state licensing requirements that force a person to reveal a violation of federal law.”
From the Duleff decision, Corry quotes the Colo. Sup. Ct.:
The Fifth Amendment prohibits licensing requirements from being used as a means of discovering past or present criminal activity which is subject to prosecution by calling attention to the licensee and his activities….There is no doubt that the information which Duleff would have been required to disclose would have been useful to the investigation of his activities, would have substantially increased the risk of prosecution, and may well have been a direct admission of guilt under federal law. The Fifth Amendment protects individuals from such compulsory, incriminating disclosures and provides a complete defense to prosecution. — Colorado Supreme Court (1973)
Corry also cites a 1969 US Supreme Court case (Timothy Leary v. United States) in which the highest court in the country overturned Leary’s marijuana possession conviction and ruled that the federal Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was illegal, due to the fact that a person seeking a tax stamp and complying with the law would be forced to incriminate himself, in violation of the Fifth Amendment.
Corry writes, “Marijuana-specific taxes require plaintiffs and any other person paying said taxes to incriminate themselves as committing multiple violations of federal law, including but not limited to, participating in, aiding and abetting, or conspiring to commit a ‘continuing criminal enterprise’ and ‘money laundering.’ These illegally-collected taxes are ultimately laundered by the State of Colorado through J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, which also participates knowingly in the continuing criminal enterprise.” Item 67, Corry complaint filed 6/9/14.
Corry concludes, “It is illegal for government to retain tax monies illegally collected in violation of the constitution, so all amounts must be returned, and all records related to previous tax payments, destroyed.”
Corry asks the Court to: “Enter a temporary restraining order, preliminary injunction, and/or permanent injunction ordering the Defendants, and all those acting in concert with them, to cease and desist from enforcement of the marijuana tax statutes, to cease and desist from any further collection, deposit, or laundering of the marijuana taxes, for a full refund of marijuana tax monies paid by any person or entity, and for destruction of all tax records and identifying information after full refunds are made.”
“The state can’t have it both ways. If it’s illegal under federal law, you cannot collect taxes on it,” says Kathleen Chippi, a plaintiff and member of the Patient and Caregiver Rights Litigation Project. “We have another case pending in the Colorado Supreme Court now, Coats v. Dish Network, where Colorado Attorney General John Suthers argues that medical marijuana patients can be fired from their jobs for using medical marijuana off-duty, even though it is legal under state law. Suthers argues in the Coats case that, since marijuana is still illegal under federal law, patients have no rights.” “Yet Suthers and Hickenlooper, as kingpins in their continuing criminal enterprise, happily collect and spend the marijuana taxes, even though they were collected in spite of multiple clear violations of federal law,” Chippi concludes.
The preceding text was a press release published by the Law Firm of Robert J. Corry, Jr.
What do you think about this lawsuit and the impact it could have on Colorado’s cannabis system? Let us know in the comments below!
Photo Credit: Billy Hawthorne under (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons